When the thyroid gland does not produce sufficient levels volumes of certain important hormones, this thyroid disease is called Hypothyroidism. Its stages are noticeable in the very early stages and can cause various health problems like joint pain, obesity, heart disease, and infertility.
How to Recognize The Symptoms?
Hypothyroidism develops slowly and with barely noticeable symptoms usually weight gain and fatigue. As metabolism starts to slow, you may develop more-obvious problems.
Hypothyroidism symptoms include Increased sensitivity to cold, Fatigue, Weight gain, Dry skin, Puffy face, Constipation, Muscle weakness, Hoarseness, Muscle aches, and tenderness, irregular menstrual periods, Slowed heart rate, Impaired memory, Thinning hair, Enlarged thyroid gland, and Depression.
If you feel tired for no reason either when you notice other symptoms of hypothyroidism, like dry skin, puffy face, a pale, constipation or even hoarse voice.
Causes For Thyroid Disease
When the thyroid produces insufficient hormones, the levels of chemical reactions in the body reaches the alarming levels. There are various causes, like hyperthyroidism medications, autoimmune disease, radiation therapy, thyroid surgery, and some medications.
The Hormones generated by the thyroid gland — thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) and — have a great impact on overall health, affecting metabolism directly. These hormones also affect the control of vital body operations, like heart rate, and body temperature.
As we mentioned earlier hypothyroidism occurs when the thyroid gland does not produce enough hormones. Hypothyroidism may occur due to a number of causes, like:
- Radiation therapy to treat cancers of the neck or head may affect your thyroid gland.
- The most common reason for hypothyroidism is an autoimmune disorder (Hashimoto’s thyroiditis). It occurs when the immune system creates antibodies that attack its own tissues. These antibodies affect the thyroid’s capability to create hormones.
- A number of medications can contribute also, especially lithium used for psychiatric disorders.
- If any person creates too much thyroid hormone, he gets treated with anti-thyroid medications, to get thyroid function back to normal run. Sometimes, it can end up reducing thyroid hormone creation too much, which can be resulting in persistent hypothyroidism.
- Removing all or a large portion of your thyroid gland with thyroid surgery can lower hormone production.
Hypothyroidism can also result (less often) from the following reasons: Pituitary disorder, Congenital disease, Pregnancy, Iodine deficiency.
The Complications of Untreated Hypothyroidism
If untreated hypothyroidism can cause various health concerns like:
Heart diseases, hypothyroidism increases the risk of heart failure, because of high levels of low-density LDL cholesterol particularly in people with a less active thyroid.
Depression may occur at the beginning of hypothyroidism and may become more rigid over time. Hypothyroidism can also cause slowed mental functioning.
When the thyroid gland stimulates itself more regularly it releases more hormones that may cause the gland to grow large this is called goiter. The large goiter affects the appearance and may interfere with swallowing or breathing.
Myxedema is a serious condition that occurs after long-term undiagnosed hypothyroidism, it includes cold intolerance followed by unconsciousness and profound lethargy. I can get caused by infection, sedatives, or other stress on your body.
Low levels of thyroid can conflict with ovulation, which weakens fertility. Autoimmune disorder can lead to Infertility.
Long-term untreated hypothyroidism can cause peripheral neuropathy, this is damage in the peripheral nerves.
Women with untreated thyroid have a higher risk of Birth deformations.